excommunicated priests and religious

There are many Catholic priests and religious today who have knowingly chosen to reject the definitive teaching of Tradition, Scripture, and the Magisterium on various questions of faith and morals. They have committed the sin of formal heresy, and in some cases also formal schism, and yet they continue to function as priests in dioceses and in religious orders, or as monks and nuns in the religious life. The sins of formal heresy and formal schism each automatically excommunicates (latae sententiae) the person who commits the sin, by the very nature of the act, even apart from Canon Law. But Canon Law also prescribes the penalty of excommunication for those sins:

Canon 1364 §1: “an apostate from the faith, a heretic, or a schismatic incurs a latae sententiae excommunication.”

There are many priests and religious who have been automatically excommunicated, and have remained in that state for many years, and yet who continue to have the same roles in the Church as priests and religious. A large percentage of the Catholic laity also have been automatically excommunicated, and have remained in that state for many years, due to these same sins of heresy and schism. And yet they continue to call themselves Catholic and to attend Mass and to receive the Eucharist.

[1 Corinthians]
{11:27} And so, whoever eats this bread, or drinks from the cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be liable of the body and blood of the Lord.
{11:28} But let a man examine himself, and, in this way, let him eat from that bread, and drink from that cup.
{11:29} For whoever eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks a sentence against himself, not discerning it to be the body of the Lord.

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