Catholic orthodoxy quiz #1

True or False?

1. The soul is the form of the body.
True.
Fifth Lateran Council: “For the soul not only truly exists of itself and essentially as the form of the human body, as is said in the canon of our predecessor of happy memory, pope Clement V, promulgated in the general council of Vienne, but it is also immortal”

2. In order for a Sacrament to be valid, the person dispensing a Sacrament must intend to do what the Church does.
True.
Council of Trent: “CANON XI. If any one saith, that, in ministers, when they effect, and confer the sacraments, there is not required the intention at least of doing what the Church does; let him be anathema.”

3. Is it impossible to qualify as morally evil the deliberate choice of certain kinds of behavior or specific acts, without taking into account the intention for which the choice was made or the totality of the foreseeable consequences of that act for all persons concerned.
False.
Intrinsically evil acts are immoral regardless of intention or circumstances, so one does not need to know the intention, or the consequences, in order to determine that an intrinsically evil act is morally evil. (See Veritatis Splendor)

4. The Church forbids the faithful from rejecting any written or unwritten tradition of the Church.
True.
“If anyone rejects any written or unwritten tradition of the church, let him be anathema.” (Second Council of Nicea, 787 A.D.)

5. Each and every sexual act in a marriage needs to be open to the possibility of conceiving a child.
True.
See the USCCB Catechism, p. 409. See also Humanae Vitae, n. 11-14.

6. The legitimate intentions of a married couple may justify the use of contraception in some circumstances.
False.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church: “Legitimate intentions on the part of the spouses do not justify recourse to morally unacceptable means (for example, direct sterilization or contraception).” (CCC, n. 2399).

7. Baptism infuses only the three theological virtues: love, faith, and hope. The intellectual and moral virtues are acquired, not infused.
False.
Although the intellectual and moral virtues may be acquired, prior to Baptism, to some extent, they are also infused by Baptism, and strengthened by Confirmation.

8. The primary ends of marriage are, equally, the reciprocal gift and possession of the married couple in joy and delight, and the procreation and education of children.
False.
The procreation and education of offspring is the primary end of marriage. Other ends are secondary. See Address to Midwives by Pope Pius XII.

9. Everyone is free to contradict the Pope when he gives his own personal opinion, not an exercise of the Magisterium.
True.
The Pope’s personal opinion, even on a matter of faith or morals, is not an exercise of the Church’s teaching authority, and has the same weight as the opinion of any similarly knowledgeable and devout member of the faithful.

10. The Bible is inerrant on matters of faith and morals, and even on matters of physical science or history.
True.
The sacred Council of Trent ordained by solemn decree that “the entire books with all their parts, as they have been wont to be read in the Catholic Church and are contained in the old vulgate Latin edition, are to be held sacred and canonical.” In our own time the Vatican Council, with the object of condemning false doctrines regarding inspiration, declared that these same books were to be regarded by the Church as sacred and canonical “not because, having been composed by human industry, they were afterwards approved by her authority, nor merely because they contain revelation without error, but because, having been written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they have God for their author, and as such were handed down to the Church herself.” When, subsequently, some Catholic writers, in spite of this solemn definition of Catholic doctrine, by which such divine authority is claimed for the “entire books with all their parts” as to secure freedom from any error whatsoever, ventured to restrict the truth of Sacred Scripture solely to matters of faith and morals, and to regard other matters, whether in the domain of physical science or history, as “obiter dicta” and – as they contended – in no wise connected with faith, Our Predecessor of immortal memory, Leo XIII in the Encyclical Letter Providentissimus Deus, published on November 18 in the year 1893, justly and rightly condemned these errors and safe-guarded the studies of the Divine Books by most wise precepts and rules. (Pope Pius XII, Divino Afflante Spiritu, n. 1)

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