Who is in the State of Grace?

Only God can see the soul, and know who is in the state of grace, and who is not. However, in some cases, we can know with the certitude of human knowledge, not absolute certitude, who is in the state … Continue reading


My Position on Salvation Theology

1. Everyone who dies in the state of grace goes to Heaven, either directly or by way of Purgatory. This is already the infallible teaching of the Church. The criterion for who is saved is nothing other than dying in … Continue reading

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The New German Law against Hate Speech

Here’s the news story: New German Law Forces Facebook To Remove Hate Speech or Pay Over $50 Million — In an address on Friday, one of the main supporters of the bill, Justice Minister Heiko Maas, said, “Freedom of expression … Continue reading

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Common Faults among Conservative Catholics

These faults are not found in all conservative Catholics, and they are also found in persons who are not conservative Catholics, but they are relatively common, today, within conservative Catholicism. 1. Conservatism over Truth The assumption that the majority opinion … Continue reading

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Ladaria paves the way for new Papal teachings

News story: Francis replaces Cardinal Muller with deputy Ladaria as head of doctrinal congregation — “Pope Francis has decided not to renew the expiring term of Vatican doctrinal chief Cardinal Gerhard Muller, choosing instead to replace the German prelate with … Continue reading

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If America were Catholic

What would the U.S. be like, if, say, 75% of the population were believing and practicing Catholics? Some countries in the world have a majority Catholic population, so it is not unthinkable. But I’m proposing this as a hypothetical. The … Continue reading

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When the Blessed Virgin Mary speaks of Freemasonry

When the Blessed Virgin Mary speaks (rarely) about the dangers of “freemasons” or “freemasonry”, she is using a figure of speech to warn about those persons who would chip away at the stones of the foundation of the Church: Her … Continue reading

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Question and Answer Session (closed)

Again, I’m opening up a post to questions on a wide range of topics in theology. You can ask me general questions on faith, morals, or salvation. You can also ask questions on my writings in particular is eschatology, ethics, … Continue reading

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Which Acts are Beyond the Limits of a Sincere but Mistaken Conscience?

Sometimes an act which is objectively morally disordered is committed with a sincere but mistaken conscience, such that it is not also an actual sin. Only actual sins include guilt and deserve punishment. “Conscience frequently errs from invincible ignorance without … Continue reading

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Will the U.S. accept Euthanasia?

Euthanasia is intrinsically evil and always gravely immoral. It is not justified by a good intention or purpose, not even by the medical purpose of relieving severe suffering. It is not justified by a dire circumstance, not even that a … Continue reading


A Hint at how Pope Francis may respond to a Schism

For the past several years, a controversy has been brewing in a diocese in Africa: Ahiara diocese in Nigeria. The previous Bishop was a native son, from the region and people called Mbaise, in southeastern Nigeria. But his successor, Bishop … Continue reading

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The Three Types of Limbo in Catholic Salvation Theology

The term “limbo” is used in three different ways: 1. limbo as a fringe or upper level of Hell 2. limbo as a fringe or upper level of Purgatory 3. limbo as a third final destination, that is not part … Continue reading

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Humanae Vitae on Marital Chastity

The teaching of Humanae Vitae is not limited to the topic of contraception within marriage. In Humanae Vitae, the Magisterium condemns contraception as intrinsically evil and always gravely immoral, regardless of marital state. “Just as man does not have unlimited … Continue reading

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Free book on Marital Sexual Ethics

My book, Roman Catholic Marital Sexual Ethics, will be free from Wednesday, June 7 to Friday, June 9 (Pacific time), in Kindle format only. Please take advantage of this offer. This book presents the teachings of the Roman Catholic Faith … Continue reading

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How Christians should regard Muslims and Islam

All Christians are not the same. A wide range of beliefs is held and lived by various persons who call themselves Christian. And among Catholics, a wide diversity of beliefs and practices is also found. So when we consider Muslims … Continue reading

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Saint Augustine on Marital Chastity

Saint Augustine of Hippo, Doctor of the Church, in his moral treatise ‘On the Good of Marriage,’ writes on the subject of sexual intercourse within marriage: “…nor be changed into that use which is against nature, on which the Apostle … Continue reading


St. Thomas Aquinas on Marital Chastity

First, St. Thomas quotes Peter Lombard: Conjugal relations “are not to be changed to a use contrary to nature” [The Sentences, Book IV]. Then, St. Thomas explains what Lombard meant and why he is correct: “Marital relations are contrary to … Continue reading


Prayer and Divine Providence

Over the course of many years, I’ve learned that God’s providence can be called upon to assist us, mere weak and mortal sinners, in any of the tasks and events of our daily lives. By prayer, we can obtain help … Continue reading

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Updated post on marital chastity

I’ve updated my post: Saint Alphonsus Liguori on Marital Chastity. This Saint and Doctor of the Church spoke against the use of unnatural sexual acts within marriage. The same errors that he condemned in his time period (the 1700’s) have … Continue reading


Joe Biden officiated at a Gay Marriage again

As reported in several sources, former Veep Joe Biden officiated at a same-sex marriage ceremony this past weekend. In 2016, Biden also officiated at a gay marriage. On both occasions, Biden had the role usually fulfilled by a priest or … Continue reading

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